The Syrian War: Who’s Involved?
From the moment the world first witnessed the haunting image of the three-year-old boy floating in the Mediterranean sea, the ongoing conflict in Syria has been the front page story in endless papers. Since the first uprising against president Bashar Al-Assad in March 2011, there have been more than fourteen million Syrian refugees in need of help, and since foreign powers have joined the conflict, the situation has gone from bad to worse. Refugees are trying to gain entry into European countries with fake passports in a cry for help, which makes it clear just how serious and devastating the situation is and raises the question of what will eventually happen to Syria?
There are ISIS controlled areas in Northwest Iraq and Northern Syria led by the ISIS chief, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi. In 2010, he emerged as the political leader of Al Qaeda in Iraq, one of the groups that later became ISIS. Saudi Arabia has recently also been targeted by the terrorist group. Vladimir Putin, president of Russia plans to proceed with his military mission to send over more troops to wipe out ISIS members, threatening that the radical rebels don’t know the extent to which he will go to end the civil war. Although Russia may be helping, others argue that the situation is only worsening and there is only more bombing and violence.
The journey Syrians make across land and sea in order to get to neighbouring countries is an extremely dangerous one. People are willing to travel with small children, in fear of death and for the hope of a better life. Currently, Turkey is the biggest refugee hosting Country and Lebanon and Jordan have been hugely charitable in welcoming the refugees with open arms. This solution has been beneficial but tension has arisen between the refugees and civilians in the host countries. Many Lebanese have lost their jobs as the Syrians are willing to work for less. Also, with the increased population, pressure on public and social services such as schools and hospitals has caused more suffering. Jordan, already amongst the top ten water-poorest countries in the world, is now ranked second poorest; a Jordanian minister recently stated that it only has enough water to cater to three million people per year but its usage has now exceeded past ten million. When usage exceeds supply, matters will if course only worsen.
International leaders have reportedly made a pledge of £7 billion, with David Cameron announcing that money will go towards the welfare of the Syrian people and refugees. Countries around Syria have participated in getting refugee children back to school by helping them to read, write and learn numeracy skills, which is an educational necessity. Five years on and this fearful outbreak hasn’t come to a halt. It is a complex case to handle and it is not just short term resolutions we need to think of but the result of the damaging effects the war will have on other countries in the future.
Global Seven News